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## FRACTIONS

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**FRACTIONS**THE KEY TO SUCCESS AT SCHOOL AND IN EVERYDAY LIFE**FACTS**Fractions, percentages and decimals are keystones for progress and success in: * Everyday life, e.g. VAT interest, profit, loss, tax, mark-up, etc. • At school, e.g. Mathematics, Physical Science, Economics, Accounting, etc. • Small Business and Industry workplace. (Mechanics, Technicians, Entrepreneurs, etc.)**Daily newspaper and other reports leave no doubt as to:**• The poor standard of education and mathematics in particular; • The desperate need for urgent intervention to improve the situation.**Excerpt from the report mentioned on previous page (pp 6 and**26): Table 26: Rank Order: Correct answers for test items Rank Grade 5 % 1 Counting 81.1 2 Arithmetic – simple 60.3 3 Shape recognition 43.7 4 Relationship betw. numbers 38.4 5 Sequence Completion 31.7 6 Arithmetic – complex 30.3 7 Table interpretation 26.0 8 Recognition of visual fractions25.4 9 Word sums 12.0 10 Rounding off 11.5 11 Conversions of length 5.6 12 Conversions of fractions3.8**Table 26: Rank Order: Correct answers for test items**Rank Grade 7 % 1 Counting 95.4 2 Arithmetic – simple 74.7 3 Shape recognition 70.7 4 Relationships betw. numbers 66.0 5 Sequence Completion 58.1 6 Table interpretation 55.9 7 Recognition of visual fractions 52.9 8 Arithmetic – complex 47.9 9 Word sums 30.7 10 Rounding off 28.7 11 Conversions of length 11.6 12 Conversions of fractions 7.5**MORE FINDINGS FROM A HRSC SURVEY**Findings by HSRC in 2004 (35 000 gr. 6 - learners): • Average 27% in Mathematics; • Available resources play an important role in performances; • 8 out of every 10 grade 6 learners cannot do sums; • Only 4 out of ten proficient in the language of instruction - Findingspainta darkpicture!!!!**THE ANSWER: FRACTION WIZZ**• Fun for kids; • Practical and hands-on; • Concrete experience of abstract principles; • A teacher’s dream. • Learners learn and understand while they play.**Transparent lid for easy control: Could be used as**“base” by same group. Units Slot for comparison Beads or beans to be used as counters Slot for comparison Unit slot Unit or “one” Halves Thirds Quar- Fifths Sixths Eighths Ninths Tenths ters Embedded onto the bottoms of the cups are the equivalent decimals, percentages and Braille configurations. Stickers for easier recognition**The unit cup measuring “one” in the slot**Unit slot**Two halves add up to**a “whole”/unit/one**Three thirds equal**a “whole” (Fit into unit slot)**12 beads the “whole”**in the unit cup (A third of twelve is four) Divide the 12 beads equally among the three thirds-cups. 1 3 of 12 = 4 FINDING FRACTIONAL PARTS OF QUANTITIES:**EQUIVALENCE:**1 2 3 6 =**USING EQUIVALENCE TO ADD OR SUBTRACT:**1 2 1 3 + 3 6 5 6 2 6 + =**IMPROPER FRACTIONS:**14 9 5 9 + = 1**IMPROPER FRACTIONS:**5 9 9 9 1 (= )**1**4 12 = 3 of**3**4 of 12 = 9**2**4 1 2 (or ) of 12 = 6**In short:**• All basic principles can be practically experienced; • Abstract concepts concretized for better conceptualization; • The result: UNDERSTANDING!!!!**OTHER FEATURES**• Ideal for group work (6 learners per group, 3 using base and 3 using lid to establish principles.) Each learner completes own workbook. • Only six or seven sets necessary per school. Transparent lid makes control easy. • Relevant fraction, decimal and percentage displayed on base of each piece. (Also the Braille configurations to aid blind learners.)**Each learner has a**workbook leading them through the stages systematically. EASY TO USE GUIDE / WORKBOOK**MS. NALEDI PANDOR’S REPORTED COMMENTS ON MATHEMATICS:**• Marks are higher when learners interact with teachers, when they work together and use educational material; • Teachers obviously need adequate resources, and where it’s not available, learners perform poorly; • Resources make a difference, emphasizing an education policy aimed at the poor.**COMMENTS FROM TEACHERS USING THE FRACTION WIZZ**• “Invaluable, indispensable …..I cannot imagine teaching without it in future!” - Mr. Frans Massyn (Fichardtpark Primary School). • “As a result of the concrete, visual nature of this model, learners are mastering the skills and understanding of fractions much easier while having lots of fun.” - Ms. P. van Tonder (Eunice Primary School) • The Fraction Wizz … “will replace frustrating hours of battling to understand fractions with hours of fun.” - Prof. Deon de Beer (CUT)**THE BEST GIFT YOU CAN GIVE ANYONE IS TO HELP HIM/HER TO**ACQUIRE SKILLS.**CLOSING REMARK**“IMPROVE PROFICIENCY IN FRACTIONS, AND VAST IMPROVEMENT IN THE LEVEL OF SCHOOL MATHEMATICS WILL FOLLOW.” - Mr. G G Kriel**MR. Kriel helping a blind learner at Barithmea School for**the Deaf and Blind. (Front page article in a Free State Newspaper.)**Kindly visit our website at**www.fractionwizz.co.za for more information.